Types of Depression
There are two main classifications of depression, both of which are cyclical: unipolar depression, and bipolar depression. During unipolar depression, a person cycles from normal to depressed. A person suffering from bipolar disorder, however, cycles from normal to depressed to manic.
Below is a brief description of some common types of depression:
Major depression is possibly the most widespread type of depression today. Major depression can have a huge impact upon how the depressed person relates to those people around them. When suffering from major depression, one often looks fatigued or drained. That person also often loses interest in common daily activities. They may appear moody and irritable, have obessively negative thoughts, self-hatred, inability to sleep, loss of appetite, and even suicidal thoughts.
Melancholic depression is a type of depression similar to major depression, where a person loses the ability to enjoy the good things in life. The individual may find it nearly impossible to see anything good in life. They often suffer from loss of sleep, strong feelings of guilt, severe weight loss and overall agitation.
Dysthymia is a depressive condition that many people do not even realize they have. Suffers often live with dysthymia, but may not be aware of it. Sufferers of dysthymia live most of their lives feeling low, indifferent, anxious and are never really able to enjoy themselves.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Seasoanl Affective Disorder, also known as SAD, is often times referred to a “winter depression,” or the “winter blues.” Suffers of Seasonal Affective Disorder develop depressive symptoms during the winter months, but rarely do they suffer from depression in other seasons. SAD suffers may have difficulty waking up in the morning, oversleeping, over or under eating (resulting in rapid weight gain or loss), lack of energy, inability to concentrate, no desire to socialize and loss of interest in day-to-day activities that usually bring them joy.
Postpartum depression (PPD)
Postpartum depression affects women mostly after giving birth to a child. Women usually being suffering from postpartum depression after the first few months after spending time with the newborn child. Postpartum depression can range from a few months to even a year. Suffers of postpartum depression often feel overwhelmed, have feels of sorrow or hopelessness, feelings of low self-esteem and/or guilt, they may withdraw socially, become easily frustrated and lack energy.
Individuals who suffer from psychotic depression often hear disturbing sounds or voices in their head, and suffer from scary, uncomfortable hallucinations.
Manic Depression is also known as bipolar disorder. This type of depression is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in a person’s mood, energy, and ability to function. It is different from the normal ups and downs that everyone goes through, as the symptoms of manic depression are severe.